For Allies,Total Victory is Necessary;
For Germany It’s World Domination.
Special to The Great War Project
(19, 20, 21 January) Significant developments these days a century ago in several theaters of the war.
On January 20th,1914, according to historian Martin Gilbert, “the Germans launched their first bombing raid on Britain, when two Zeppelins crossed the North Sea” to the British coast at Norfolk. Four civilians are killed, reports Gilbert.
At the same time, a significant battle erupts at the French town of Soissons. The Germans take 5,000 French soldiers prisoner.
Fighting also continues at Ypres “making Ypres itself virtually uninhabitable.” And Messines, south of Ypres, remains occupied by the Germans, one of whom is Corporal Adolf Hitler. He writes on January 20th: “The weather is miserable, and we often spend days on end knee-deep in water, and what is more, under heavy fire.”
The British leadership continues planning for a naval – strictly naval – assault on the straits in western Turkey, known as the Dardanelles. Such a move by the British is prompted by a frantic request from St. Petersburg to alleviate the Turkish pressure on the Russians in their fight in the freezing, snowbound Caucasus.
The Russians want the British to send troops. The British do not…
…they are reluctant to move any of their troops from the stalemate on the Western Front. Writes war historian John Keegan, the Caucasus is too far away from British concentrations of troops.